State vs Props – React


State vs Props

When we start working with React components, we frequently hear two terms. These are state and props. So, in this article we will explore what those are and how they differ.

State:

  • State is something that a component owns. It belongs to that particular component where it is defined.
    For example, A person’s age is a state of that person.
  • State is mutable. But it can only be changed by the component itself, meaning it is private. As I only can change my age, no one else can.
  • You can change the state by using this.setState()

See the below example to get an idea of state:

Person.js

import React from 'react'; class Person extends React.Component{ constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = { age:0 } this.incrementAge = this.incrementAge.bind(this) } incrementAge(){ this.setState({ age:this.state.age + 1; }); } render(){ return( <div> <label>My age is: {this.state.age}</label> <button onClick={this.incrementAge}>Grow me older !!</button> </div> ); } } export default Person;

In the above example, age is the state of Person component.

Props:

  • Props are similar to method arguments. They are passed to a component when it is instantiated.
  • Props are immutable. They are read-only.

See the below example to get an idea of Props:

Person.js

import React from 'react'; class Person extends React.Component{ render(){ return( <div> <label>I am a {this.props.character} person.</label> </div> ); } } export default Person; const person = <Person character = "good"></Person>

In the above example, const person = <Person character = "good"></Person> we are passing character = "good" prop to Person component.

It gives output as “I am a good person”, in fact I am.

There is lot more to learn on State and Props. Many things can be learnt by actually diving into coding. So get your hands dirty by coding.

Happy Coding !!!

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