title: Shell scripting
In the command line, a shell script is an executable file that contains a set of instructions that the shell will execute. Its main purpose is to reduce a set of instructions (or commands) to just one file. Also, it can handle logic because it’s also an interpreter.
How to Create a Shell Script
- Create the file:
$ touch myscript.sh
The file extension is not necessary. In linux, scripts can be executed even without .sh extension.
If the file is stored in
/user/bin then the script should be able to be run from anywhere, provided the path is included in the
- Add a shebang (
#!) to the start of the file. The shebang line is responsible for letting the command interpreter know which interpreter the shell script will be run with.
$ echo "#!/bin/bash" > myscript.sh # or $ your-desired-editor myscript.sh # ---------- myscript.sh ------ #!/bin/bash ... # -----------------------------
- Add commands to the file:
$ echo "echo Hello World!" >> myscript.sh
- Give the file execution mode:
$ chmod +x myscript.sh
- Execute the script!
$ ./myscript.sh Hello World!