In object oriented programming a function within a class or an object is named a method. Imagine you have a cat object and inside the class there is a funcion named scratch, you can now use the cat’s scratch method by calling it in the following way:
Different kind of methods
There are different types of methods you can define in a class, some of them are listed here.
The constructor, a method that is executed when the object is created:
class Cat: def __init__(self, name): // Constructor which recieves a name self.name = name
class Cat: name = "Bob" def scratch(self, person): // Standard method, recieves person to scratch print(self.name + " scratched " + person)
The destructor, a method that is executed when the object is deleted by the garbage collector.
class Cat: name = "Bob" def __del__(self): print(name + " is no more.")