Linear Gradient – CSS


title: Linear Gradient

Linear Gradient

You can use a CSS linear gradient to make colors transition or fade from one color to another.

Syntax

To create a linear gradient you must define at least two color stops. A color stop is the location in the gradient where a specified color is shown. A linear gradient may be declared on either the background or background-image properties.

background: linear-gradient(direction, colour-stop1, colour-stop2, ...);

Note: If no direction is specified, the transition is top to bottom by default

Different Gradient transitions

Top to Bottom :

background: linear-gradient(red, yellow);
Top to Bottom

Left To Right :
To make it left to right, you add an additional parameter at the beginning of the linear-gradient starting with the word to followed by the direction you want the transition to go.

background: linear-gradient(to right, red , yellow);
Left to Right

Diagonal Positions :
You can also transition a gradient diagonally by specifying the direction you want the transition to go, for example: top left or bottom right.
Here’s a sample for a gradient starting at top-left

background: linear-gradient(to bottom right, red, yellow);
Top-left

Using Angles to Specify Direction of the gradient

You can also use angles, to be more accurate in specifying the direction of the gradient:

background: linear-gradient(angle, color-stop1, color-stop2);

The angle is specified as an angle between a horizontal line and the gradient line.

background: linear-gradient(90deg, red, yellow);
90 degrees

Using more than two colors

You’re not limited to just two colors, you can use as many comma separated colors as you want.

background: linear-gradient(red, yellow, green);
A gradient with 3 color stops

You can also use other color units like RGB or hex codes to specify the colors.

Define where the colors will transition

Your gradient can transition wherever you want by giving your colors a value when you define the linear-gradient

background: linear-gradient(to right,red 5px, yellow 25%, green 80%);
transition location

In this case, the transition from red to yellow will start at 5px and finish at 25% from the left, and the transition from yellow to green will start at 25% and finish at 80% from the left.

Hard color stops

You can not only use gradients to transition with fading colors, but you can also use it to change from one solid color to another solid color instantly.

background: linear-gradient(to right,red 45%, yellow 45%);
Hard color stops

Here the transition from red to yellow will start at 45% and finish at 45%.

More resources:

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