Hello World in Kotlin


A Hello World program is a very simple program that outputs the string “Hello World!”. It is often used to show the basic syntax of a programming language.

In this tutorial, we are going to analyse the syntax of a Hello World program written in Kotlin.

If you still haven’t installed Kotlin you should check this tutorial: https://guide.Codevarsity.org/kotlin

Hello World Program

// This is a simple Hello World program written in Kotlin fun main(args : Array<String>) { println("Hello, World!") }

As you should expect, when you run this program the output should be “Hello, World!”.

Syntax

Comments

// This is a simple Hello World program written in Kotlin

Comments are text written by a developer that are added with the purpose of making the code easier to understand by other developers.
In Kotlin comments can be single-line comments (using //) or multi-line comments (using /**/).

// Single line comment /* This is a Multi-line comment */

Main function

fun main(args : Array<String>) {...}

The main function is a mandatory function that tells the compiler where it should start executing our code. It takes an array of strings as the parameter and returns the type Unit which corresponds to the type void in languages like Java.
As we can see, functions are declared with the use of the keyword fun and its body should be written inside curly braces.

Functions without a explicitly declared return type will return the type Unit, therefore, the above code is equivalent to

fun main(args : Array<String>): Unit {...}

Print Statement

The println function takes a string as an argument and prints it to the screen. In this case we are printing the string “Hello, World!”. Note that string literals are declared using double quotes "String".
Printing in kotlin can be done in two ways; using “println” function and “print” function. The “println” function prints things on a new line whereas the “print” function prints things on the current line.

If you’d like to know more about Kotlin Syntax and start writing awesome programs you should check the awesome Kotlin Official Documentation: https://kotlinlang.org/docs/reference/

Hope you liked this tutorial,
Cheers

Kotlin course for beginners

Udacity provides the free Kotlin Bootcamp for Programmers course.

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