Elements – A Tag


A Tag

The <a> tag or anchor element creates a hyperlink to another page or file. In order to link to a different page or file the <a> tag must also contain a href attribute, which indicates the link’s destination.

The text between the opening and closing <a> tags becomes the link. This text should be a meaningful description of the link destination, and not a generic phrase such as ‘click here’. This better enables users with screen readers to navigate amongst various links on a page and understand what content each one will link to.

By default, a linked page is displayed in the current browser window unless another target is specified. The default link styles are as follows:

  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue
  • A visited link is underlined and purple
  • An active link is underlined and red

Example:

<a href= "https://guide.Codevarsity.org/">Codevarsity</a>

You can also create a link to another section on the same page.

Example:

<h1 id="top"></h1> <a href= "#top">Go to top</a>

An image can also be turned into a link by enclosing the <img> tag in an <a> tag.

Example:

<a href= "https://guide.Codevarsity.org/"><img src="logo.svg"></a>

It is also possible to determine the target of the <a> tag. This is done using the target attribute. The target attribute has the following values available _blank|_self|_parent|_top|framename.

_blank: Opens the link in a new tab or a new window depending on the user’s preferences.
_self: Opens the link in same frame (default behaviour).
_parent: Opens the link in the parent frame, for example when the user clicks a link in an iframe.
_top: Opens the link in the full body of the window.
framename: Opens the link in the specified frame.

Example:

<a href= "https://guide.Codevarsity.org/" target="_blank">Codevarsity</a>

Codevarsity

This link is created in the same way as the example code block suggests. Click it to see how it works.

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